How to Create a Host-Named Site Collection in SharePoint 2013 Using a PowerShell Script

SharePoint has utilized path-based site collections when it comes to
creating site collections.  For SharePoint 2013, however, Microsoft has
introduced a new type of site collection configuration: Host-Named Site
(HNSC). This new type of configuration enables you to assign a
unique host name to a site collection so that it doesn’t share the same host
name as a path-based site collection (for example, versus http://mySPO15). In addition, the HNSC has its own separate
DNS which makes your SharePoint server simple to setup, organize, and operate.

In this article,
we’ll walk you through the steps needed to create a host-named site collection
using a PowerShell script.

Before you begin, make sure that the user running the
Windows PowerShell cmdlets has the following memberships on all databases that
will be used:

  • db_securityadmin
  • db_owner

Additionally, the user running the
script on the server must be a member of the Administrators group that can run the PowerShell script as

Step 1: Create a new Host-Named Site

To begin, go to Menu > Start and select All
> MS SharePoint 2013.

Run the SharePoint 2013 Management Shell as an

Next, type on
the following script:

<your new HNSC>-OwnerAlias <Domain-NameUserName>
-HostHeaderWebApplication <your current site

In this example,
we’ll be using the following:  New-SPSite
-OwnerAlias bamboovnspinstaller -HostHeaderWebApplication http://trangf15sql

Step 2: Binding in IIS Manager

Go to Menu > Start and select Administrative
and select Internet
Information Services (IIS) Manager.

Next, select your
site from the list (in this example, we’ll be selecting the site SharePoint
80) and click on Edit Bindings.

Click Add Site Binding.

In the dialog
box, you will need to do the following:

  • Select
    the type
  • Select
    the IP Address
  • Enter
    your HNSC URL
    in the Host name text box.

Once you are
finished, click OK.

Next, from the
right panel, under Manage Web Site, click
on the Restart link.  This will update the new HNSC for the site collection.

Step 3: Add the IP host in the client
machine to Run

Open the window Run and type in the following: “C:WindowsSystem32driversetc”
and open the file hosts in Notepad.

Type the IP host and click Save.

In this example,
we’ll be using the following IP: 172.16.xx.xx

Step 4:
Run and configure your site

Now that your site has been created, you can open the new
site collection in SharePoint and configure it as needed.

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